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英国央行询问各银行是否准备好实施零利率或负利率的信息

2020-10-13 13:26

 

新华社伦敦10月12日电英国央行(BEE)周一向金融公司发出信息要求,要求其准备将银行零利率或零利率作为基准利率,因为该国的基准利率已降至历史性水平, 在COVID-19大流行的影响降至0.1%。


“我们请求贵公司目前的具体信息准备应对银行利率为零,一个消极的银行利率,或分层系统的储备报酬,你需要采取的步骤来准备这些的实现,”萨姆说森林,在英国央行副行长,在一封给“特定的公司”。


不过,伍兹在信中称,这并不一定意味着英国央行将实行零利率或负利率,因为这一要求是英国央行努力"理解实施利率的操作影响"的一部分。


他表示,英国央行将继续在使用所有其他工具的同时,“评估”负利率的“适宜性”。目前,全球一些央行已启动负利率,以应对疫情带来的严峻挑战。


"要让银行负利率作为一种有效的政策工具发挥作用,作为货币政策关键传导机制的金融业需要在操作上做好准备,以不会对企业安全和稳健产生负面影响的方式实施负利率," Woods补充道。


伍兹表示,美联储也在寻求了解"是否有可能找到短期解决方案或变通办法,以及永久性的系统改革。"


英国央行副行长强调,适当的利率水平仍然是英格兰银行货币政策委员会(MPC)的决定,该委员会制定的货币政策是为了满足2%的通胀目标,以帮助维持增长和就业。


根据英国国家统计局(ONS)的最新调查,英国消费者物价指数(CPI) 12个月的比率从7月的1.0%降至8月的四年低点0.2%,进一步低于英国央行2%的通胀目标。


英国央行发布信息请求时,英国、中国、俄罗斯和美国等国家正在争分秒秒研制冠状病毒疫苗。

 

LONDON, Oct. 12 (Xinhua) -- Britain's central bank Bank of England (BoE) on Monday issued an information request to financial firms on the readiness over a zero or negative bank rate, as the country's base rate has been cut to a historic low of 0.1 percent amid the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

"We are requesting specific information about your firm's current readiness to deal with a zero Bank Rate, a negative Bank Rate, or a tiered system of reserves remuneration -- and the steps that you would need to take to prepare for the implementation of these," said Sam Woods, deputy governor at the BoE, in a letter to "specific firms".

However, it does not necessarily mean that the BoE will run a zero or negative rate, as the request is part of BoE's efforts to "understand the operational implications" of implementing the rates, said Woods in the letter.

He said the BoE would continue to "assess the appropriateness" of a negative rate alongside all other tools, as some central banks worldwide have launched a negative interest rate to tackle tough challenges in the headwind of the pandemic.

"For a negative Bank Rate to be effective as a policy tool, the financial sector -- as the key transmission mechanism of monetary policy -- would need to be operationally ready to implement it in a way that does not adversely affect the safety and soundness of firms," added Woods.

Woods said that the central bank is also seeking to understand "whether there may be potential for short-term solutions or workarounds, as well as permanent systems changes."

The deputy BoE governor stressed that the appropriate level of rate remains a decision for the Bank of England's Monetary Policy Committee (MPC), which sets monetary policy to meet the 2 percent inflation target in a way that helps to sustain growth and employment.

The country's Consumer Prices Index (CPI) 12-month rate dropped to a four-year low of 0.2 percent in August, down from 1.0 percent in July, further lower than the BoE's 2 percent target for inflations, according to the latest survey by the British Office for National Statistics (ONS).

The BoE information request was issued when countries, such as Britain, China, Russia and the United States are racing against time to develop coronavirus vaccines.

 

来自: xinhua