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国际货币基金组织总裁说,维持对家庭的政策支持,这对大流行的恢复至关重要

2020-10-15 12:26

 

2020年10月14日,国际货币基金组织(IMF)总裁Kristalina Georgieva在美国华盛顿举行的世界银行集团和国际货币基金组织年会虚拟新闻发布会上发言。国际货币基金组织(IMF)总裁格奥尔基耶娃(Kristalina Georgieva)周三表示,在控制新冠肺炎疫情的同时,维持对家庭和企业的财政和货币支持,对经济从疫情中持续复苏至关重要。(新华社/刘杰)


新华社华盛顿10月14日电国际货币基金组织(IMF)总裁格奥尔基耶娃14日表示,在遏制新冠肺炎疫情的同时,维持对家庭和企业的财政和货币支持,对经济持续复苏至关重要。


“正如我在开幕致辞中所说的,所有国家都面临着“长期上升”,这是一段艰难、不平衡、不确定、容易挫折的旅程。乔治亚娃在世界银行集团和国际货币基金组织年度会议的虚拟新闻发布会上说。


他说:“只有我们在全球各地战胜疫情,才能实现持久的经济复苏。他补充说,决策者应继续向家庭和企业提供财政和货币支持。


这些救命稻草——比如信贷担保和工资补贴——在一段时间内可能仍将至关重要,以确保经济和金融稳定。过早地拔掉插头,会有严重的、自残的危险,”她说。


乔治耶娃指出,国际货币基金组织已向81个国家提供了融资,并延长了对最贫穷成员国的债务减免,以帮助抗击这一流行病。


"我们正在考虑进一步调整我们的贷款工具," Georgieva表示。他补充称,这家多边贷款机构仍拥有来自1万亿美元的巨额资金。-美元贷款能力,帮助支持成员。


货币基金组织总裁还强调了强有力的国际合作的重要性,特别是在疫苗开发和分发方面。“在医疗解决方案方面取得更快进展,可以加速复苏;到2025年,它将为全球收入增加近9万亿美元。”


国际货币基金组织在星期二发布的最新《世界经济展望》报告中,把2020年的全球经济预测上调到收缩4.4%。尽管上调了预期,但IMF表示,摆脱这场危机的过程可能是“漫长、不平衡和高度不确定的”。

 

International Monetary Fund (IMF) Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva speaks during a virtual news conference for the annual meeting of the World Bank Group and the IMF in Washington, D.C., the United States, on Oct. 14, 2020. International Monetary Fund (IMF) Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva said Wednesday that maintaining fiscal and monetary support to households and firms while containing COVID-19 is critical for a durable economic recovery from the pandemic. (Xinhua/Liu Jie)

WASHINGTON, Oct. 14 (Xinhua) -- International Monetary Fund (IMF) Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva said Wednesday that maintaining fiscal and monetary support to households and firms while containing COVID-19 is critical for a durable economic recovery from the pandemic.

"As I said in my curtain raiser speech, all countries now face a 'Long Ascent' -- a journey that will be difficult, uneven, uncertain, and prone to setbacks. Think of how the virus is resurging in a number of countries," Georgieva said during a virtual news conference for the annual meeting of the World Bank Group and the IMF.

"A durable economic recovery is only possible if we beat the pandemic everywhere. Stepping up vital health measures is imperative," Georgieva said, adding policymakers should continue providing fiscal and monetary support to households and firms.

"These lifelines -- such as credit guarantees and wage subsidies -- are likely to remain critical for some time, to ensure economic and financial stability. Pull the plug too early, and you risk serious, self-inflicted harm," she said.

Georgieva noted that the IMF has provided financing to 81 countries and extended debt service relief for the poorest members to help fight the pandemic.

"We are considering options to further adapt our lending toolkit," Georgieva said, adding the multilateral lender still has substantial resources from the 1-trillion-U.S.-dollar lending capacity to help support members.

The IMF chief also stressed the importance of strong international cooperation, especially on vaccine development and distribution. "Faster progress on medical solutions could speed up the recovery; it could add almost 9 trillion dollars to global income by 2025," she said.

In its latest World Economic Outlook report released Tuesday, the IMF revised up the 2020 forecast for global economy to a contraction of 4.4 percent. Despite the upward revision, the IMF said the ascent out of this crisis is likely to be "long, uneven and highly uncertain."

 

来自: xinhua