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美联储副主席:美国经济可能还需要一年时间才能回到大流行前的高峰

2020-10-15 13:13

 

华盛顿,10月14日(新华社)——美国联邦储备委员会副主席理查德·克拉里达周三表示,美国国内生产总值(GDP)可能还需要一年时间才能回到疫情前的峰值水平。


克拉里达在国际金融协会的虚拟年度会议上说:“新冠肺炎导致的经济衰退使经济陷入了一个非常深的深渊,要让GDP水平完全恢复到2019年的峰值水平还需要一段时间,也许还要一年。”


“失业率可能需要更长的时间才能恢复到与我们最大就业目标一致的水平,”Clarida说,并补充说,经济要从COVID-19衰退中全面复苏还有很长的路要走。


他说:“尽管失业率自4月以来已大幅下降,但截至9月仍处于7.9%的高位,如果劳动力参与率维持在2020年2月的水平,失业率还将上升约3个百分点。”他指出,还需要货币和财政政策的额外支持。


他说:“就美联储而言,我可以向你们保证,我们将致力于使用我们所有的工具来支持经济,并帮助确保从这个困难时期的复苏将尽可能的强劲和迅速。”


克拉里达发表此番言论之际,国会议员和特朗普政府在新冠肺炎救助方案上仍处于僵局。


美联储主席杰罗姆•鲍威尔(Jerome Powell)最近敦促决策者向受疫情影响的家庭和企业提供更多的财政援助,并警告称,经济复苏持续放缓可能引发典型的衰退态势。


今年第二季度,美国经济折合成年率萎缩了31.4%,在控制疫情的努力中,复苏之路不确定。

 

WASHINGTON, Oct. 14 (Xinhua) -- It will take perhaps another year for the U.S. gross domestic product (GDP) to get back to its pre-pandemic peak, Federal Reserve Vice Chairman Richard Clarida said Wednesday.

"The COVID-19 recession threw the economy into a very deep hole, and it will take some time, perhaps another year, for the level of GDP to fully recover to its previous 2019 peak," Clarida said in remarks for the virtual annual meeting of the Institute of International Finance.

"It will likely take even longer than that for the unemployment rate to return to a level consistent with our maximum-employment mandate," Clarida said, adding full economic recovery from the COVID-19 recession has a long way to go.

"Although the unemployment rate has declined sharply since April, it remains elevated as of September at 7.9 percent and would be about 3 percentage points higher if labor force participation remained at February 2020 levels," he said, noting additional support from monetary and fiscal policies will be needed.

"Speaking for the Fed, I can assure you that we are committed to using our full range of tools to support the economy and to help ensure that the recovery from this difficult period will be as robust and rapid as possible," he said.

Clarida's remarks came as congressional lawmakers and the Trump administration remain deadlocked over the next COVID-19 relief package.

Fed Chairman Jerome Powell has recently urged policymakers to provide more fiscal relief to households and businesses hurt by the pandemic, warning a prolonged slowing economic recovery could trigger typical recessionary dynamics.

The U.S. economy contracted at an annual rate of 31.4 percent in the second quarter of the year, with an uncertain path to recovery amid efforts to control the pandemic.

 

来自: xinhua