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世界经济论坛倡议制定区块链标准,指出其中有多个挑战

2020-10-15 13:37

 

今天,世界经济论坛(WEF)和全球区块链商业理事会(GBBC)发布了一份关于区块链标准的报告,即全球标准映射倡议。本文很好地概述了正在进行的大多数区块链标准倡议。它还指出,一些在区块链炒作高潮时宣布的标准制定小组没有发表任何作品。


荷兰国际集团DLT项目主管Mariana Gomez de la Villa表示:“我们都知道DLT是一种网络技术,要想让它大规模应用,就需要强大的协同效应,让价值链上的每一个参与者都体验到其价值。”“作为一个生态系统,如果没有明确的标准,我们就无法提供价值。”


在开发区块链标准时,有几个挑战。首先,与互联网不同,没有ICANN这样的单一机构来监管互联网IP地址、域名和政策。


因此,存在着标准设置机构的混合,范围从主要的标准机构(如ISO)到以行业为中心的倡议,专门研究一个技术子部门(如标识)的机构,以及那些在地理上受到限制的机构。


再看看细分行业,名单并不短。它包括令牌、数字资产、安全、身份、物联网、加密货币支付、DLT要求、DLT分类法和DLT术语。这是在关注特定行业部门之前。


世界经济论坛指出了术语缺乏一致性。这甚至适用于区块链或分布式账本的定义,这与ISO和ITU-T不同。分布式账本技术(DLT)在体系结构中包含多个元素,IEEE和ITU-T也以不同的方式对这些元素进行了分类。


虽然ISO和ITU-T是全球性的,但前者主要有来自欧洲、北美和澳大利亚的召集人,而中国主导着ITU-T标准。顺便说一句,这是中国一直在大力宣扬的。


另一个挑战是关于标准的知识产权,以及“与某些标准相关联的付费墙违背了区块链的精神”

技术”。


该论文还探讨了正在制定重叠标准的领域以及差距。许多垂直行业都在探索DLT标准,但也有一些没有。其他差距包括何时应用DLT、核心技术元素和性能测试。


报告最后提出了一系列建议,例如确保标准制定组织之间的协调和使用准确的语言。


标准的关键目标之一是提供清晰度和互操作性。标准组织的激增和所涵盖领域的绝对数量突出了当前区块链部门的复杂性。

 

Today the World Economic Forum (WEF) and Global Blockchain Business Council (GBBC) published a report on blockchain standards, the Global Standards Mapping Initiative. The paper does a good job of outlining most of the blockchain standards initiatives underway. It also notes that some standard-setting groups announced at the height of the blockchain hype have failed to publish any work.

“We all know DLT is a network technology and for it to reach mass scale adoption you need strong synergies where every single participant on the value chain experiences the value,” said Mariana Gomez de la Villa, DLT Program Director at ING. “As an ecosystem, we won’t be able to deliver value without developing clear standards.”

There are several challenges in developing blockchain standards. Firstly, unlike the internet, there is no single body such as ICANN, which oversees internet IP addresses, domain names and policy.

Hence there is a mix of standard-setting bodies ranging from the primary standards bodies such as ISO to industry-focused initiatives, bodies that specialize in one technical subsector such as identity, and those that are limited geographically.

Looking at the subsectors, the list isn’t short. It includes tokens, digital assets, security, identity, IoT, cryptocurrency payment, DLT requirements, DLT taxonomy and DLT terminology. That’s before one looks at specific industry sectors.

The WEF identified a lack of consistency in terminology. That even applies to the definition of a blockchain or distributed ledger, which differs between the ISO and ITU-T. Distributed ledger technology (DLT) has several elements in the architecture and the IEEE and ITU-T also classify these elements in different ways.

While the ISO and ITU-T are global in reach, the former mainly has conveners from Europe, North America and Australia, and China dominates the ITU-T standards. As an aside, that’s something the Chinese have been trumpeting loudly.

Another challenge relates to intellectual property asserted over standards and the idea that “the paywall associated with some standards goes against the ethos of blockchain
technology.”

The paper also explores areas where overlapping standards are being developed as well as gaps. Many industry verticals are exploring DLT standards, but a few aren’t. Other gaps include when to apply DLT, the core technical elements and performance tests.

The report concludes with making a series of recommendations, such as ensuring coordination between standard setting organizations and using precise language.

One of the key aims of standards is to provide clarity and interoperability. A takeaway is the proliferation of standards bodies and the sheer number of areas covered highlights the current complexity of the blockchain sector.

 

来自: Ledger Insights