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亚太国家签署RCEP协议,启动全球最大的自由贸易区

2020-11-16 13:20

 

区域全面经济伙伴关系协定(RCEP)签署仪式于2020年11月15日在越南首都河内通过视频会议举行。周日,RCEP(区域全面经济伙伴关系协定)15个成员国签署协议,启动了全球最大的自由贸易区。(VNA通过新华社)


新华社河内11月15日电(记者陈建军)15日,区域全面经济伙伴关系协定(RCEP)在越南河内签署,正式启动全球最大的自由贸易集团。


参与国包括东南亚联盟的10个成员国


国家(东盟)和中国、日本、韩国、澳大利亚和新西兰。


周日早些时候,参与国领导人在第四届RCEP峰会上发表联合声明称,RCEP协议“是一个前所未有的大型区域贸易安排,涵盖了该地区的发达、发展中和最不发达经济体”。


“它将覆盖22亿人口的市场,几乎占世界人口的30%,GDP总和将达到26.2万亿美元,约占全球GDP的30%,占全球贸易的近28%(基于2019年的数据)。”


领导人表示,RCEP协议对本地区应对新冠肺炎疫情至关重要,并将通过包容性和可持续的大流行后经济复苏进程,在增强本地区抗风险能力方面发挥重要作用。


这“表明了我们支持经济复苏、包容性发展、创造就业、加强区域供应链的坚定承诺,以及我们对开放、包容、基于规则的贸易和投资安排的支持,”领导人说。


他们表示,RCEP“代表着朝着全球贸易和投资规则的理想框架迈出了重要一步”。


周日,中国总理李克强在北京出席第四届区域全面经济伙伴关系(RCEP)峰会时通过视频表示,该协议的签署是“多边主义和自由贸易的胜利”。


“RCEP的签署不仅是东亚区域合作的里程碑式成就,也是多边主义和自由贸易的胜利,”李说。


在签署仪式前举行的第四届RCEP峰会上,越南总理阮春福表示,全球和地区经济正面临巨大障碍和挑战,不仅是新冠肺炎造成的障碍,也包括全球贸易下降。


他说,RCEP谈判的结束将“发出一个强有力的信息,表明东盟在支持多边贸易体系、帮助在该地区创建新的贸易结构、促进可持续贸易、发展中断的供应链以及支持大流行后的复苏方面发挥主导作用”。


他在随后通过视频会议举行的签字仪式上表示,RCEP协议将加快东盟经济共同体的建设,从而使东盟成为促进合作、实现共同繁荣的充满活力和强有力的伙伴。


马来西亚国际贸易工业部部长阿兹敏表示,RCEP协议的签署将向世界证明加强多边贸易体制、维护世界贸易组织发展议程的努力。


他说:“这还将向世界证明,东盟和东盟自由贸易协定的伙伴们对保护主义说‘不’,对自由贸易说‘是’。”


澳大利亚贸易、旅游和投资部部长西蒙•伯明翰(Simon Birmingham)表示,RCEP是“在全球贸易充满不确定性之际达成的一项具有重大象征意义的协议”。


他星期天对澳大利亚媒体说:“这以切实有力的方式表明,作为全球经济增长驱动力的亚太地区,仍然致力于贸易、开放和雄心勃勃的原则。”


RCEP协议的签署,是在2012年11月启动30多轮谈判、参与国领导人和部长级会议多次后达成的。


签字仪式在正在进行的第37届东盟峰会和相关峰会期间举行,从周四到周日通过视频会议进行。


成立于1967年的东盟集团包括文莱、柬埔寨、印度尼西亚、老挝、马来西亚、缅甸、菲律宾、新加坡、泰国和越南。越南是2020年东盟轮值主席国。

 

The signing ceremony of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) agreement is held via video conference in Hanoi, capital of Vietnam, Nov. 15, 2020. The RCEP agreement was signed among its 15 participating countries on Sunday, launching the world's biggest free trade bloc. (VNA via Xinhua)

HANOI, Nov. 15 (Xinhua) -- The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) agreement was signed among its 15 participating countries on Sunday, launching the world's biggest free trade bloc.

Participating countries include the 10 member countries of the Association of Southeast Asian

Nations (ASEAN) and China, Japan, South Korea, Australia and New Zealand.

The RCEP Agreement "is an unprecedented mega regional trading arrangement that comprises a diverse mix of developed, developing and least developed economies of the region," leaders of the participating countries said in a joint statement at the fourth RCEP summit earlier Sunday prior to the signing ceremony.

"It would cover a market of 2.2 billion people, or almost 30 percent of the world's population, with a combined GDP of 26.2 trillion U.S. dollars or about 30 percent of global GDP, and accounts for nearly 28 percent of global trade (based on 2019 figures)."

The RCEP Agreement is critical to the region's response to the COVID-19 pandemic and will play an important role in building the region's resilience through inclusive and sustainable post-pandemic economic recovery process, said the leaders.

It "demonstrates our strong commitment to supporting economic recovery, inclusive development, job creation and strengthening regional supply chains as well as our support for an open, inclusive, rules-based trade and investment arrangement, " said the leaders.

The RCEP "represents an important step forward towards an ideal framework of global trade and investment rules," they said.

The signing of the deal is "a victory of multilateralism and free trade," Chinese Premier Li Keqiang said Sunday as he attended the fourth RCEP Summit in Beijing, held via video link.

"The signing of the RCEP is not only a landmark achievement of East Asian regional cooperation, but also a victory of multilateralism and free trade," Li said.

The global and regional economies are facing huge obstacles and challenges caused by not only COVID-19 but also the decreased global trade, Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc said at the fourth RCEP summit held prior to the signing ceremony.

The conclusion of the negotiations of the RCEP will "send a strong message of ASEAN's leading role in supporting the multilateral trade system, helping to create a new trading structure in the region, facilitating trade sustainably, developing the disrupted supply chains and supporting post-pandemic recovery," he said.

The RCEP agreement will accelerate the building of the ASEAN Economic Community and thereby allow ASEAN to become dynamic and strong partners in promoting cooperation for shared prosperity, he said later at the signing ceremony held via video conference.

Malaysian Minister of International Trade and Industry Mohamed Azmin Ali said the signing of the RCEP agreement will be a testament to the world on the efforts to strengthen the multilateral trading system and uphold the development agenda in the World Trade Organization (WTO).

"It will also demonstrate to the world that ASEAN together with the ASEAN Free Trade Agreement partners say 'no' to protectionism and 'yes' to free trade," he said.

The RCEP is "a hugely symbolically significant agreement, coming at a time of global trade uncertainty," said Australian Minister for Trade, Tourism and Investment Simon Birmingham.

"It says in a really powerful and tangible way that our region, which has been the driver of global economic growth, is still committed to the principles of trade, openness and ambition," he told the Australian media Sunday.

The signing of the RCEP deal came after more than 30 rounds of negotiations, which were launched in November 2012, as well as a number of specific leaders' and ministerial meetings between the participating countries.

The signing ceremony took place during the ongoing 37th ASEAN Summit and related summits, from Thursday to Sunday via video conferences.

Founded in 1967, ASEAN groups Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. Vietnam is the ASEAN chair for 2020.

 

来自: xinhun