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马来西亚今年第三季度经济同比萎缩2.7%

2020-11-17 15:30

 

吉隆坡,11月13日(新华社)——马来西亚央行周五表示,该国经济在2020年第二季度以两位数的速度下滑17.1%,今年第三季度下滑2.7%。


马来西亚央行(Bank Negara Malaysia)在一份声明中表示,这一好转在很大程度上反映了新冠肺炎(covid19)的遏制措施以及外部需求条件的改善导致经济重新开放。


央行表示,多数经济领域都出现了增长改善,尤其是制造业。在电气和电子(E&E)生产活动强劲后,制造业转好。


根据马来西亚统计部门的数据,受电气、电子和光学、动植物油和脂肪以及食品加工产品的支持,制造业增长了3.3%,相比之下,上一季度下降了18.3%。


由于渔业和橡胶分行业的减少,农业部门略微下降了0.7%。


由于金融、保险以及信息和通信分行业表现较好,服务业的降幅较小,为4%,较2020年第二季度的负16.2%有所改善。


建筑业下滑12.4%,除专业建筑活动外,所有行业均出现下滑。


与此同时,采矿和采石业从上一季度的负20%小幅下滑了6.8%,主要是由于天然气、原油和凝析油产量的提高。


2020年第三季度,商品和服务出口下降速度较第二季度的负21.7%有所放缓,降幅为4.7%,主要受到商品出口复苏的支撑。


马来西亚央行预计,随着全球需求改善和国内政策支持,到2021年马来西亚经济将进一步改善。


报告说:“最近新冠肺炎病例的再次出现以及针对性的遏制措施可能会影响到今年最后一个季度的复苏势头。”


“不过,由于大多数经济部门在符合标准操作程序的情况下可以继续运作,预计影响会比前几个时期的控制措施不那么严重。”


央行表示,到2021年,得益于全球需求的改善,以及在各种政策支持下公共和私营部门支出的好转,经济增长有望复苏。

 

KUALA LUMPUR, Nov. 13 (Xinhua) -- Malaysia's economy decreased at a slower pace of 2.7 percent in the third quarter from the double-digit decline of 17.1 percent in the second quarter of 2020, said its central bank on Friday.

Bank Negara Malaysia, the central bank, said in a statement that the improvement largely reflected the reopening of economy from the COVID-19 containment measures and better external demand conditions.

The improvements in growth were seen across most economic sectors, particularly in the manufacturing sector, which turned positive following strong electrical and electronic (E&E) production activity, said the central bank.

According to the Malaysian Statistics Department, the manufacturing sector grew 3.3 percent compared to a decline of 18.3 percent in the previous quarter, supported by electrical, electronic and optical, vegetable and animal oils and fats, and food processing products.

The agriculture sector slightly dropped 0.7 percent due to the decrease in fishing and rubber sub-sectors.

The services sector recorded a smaller drop of 4 percent, an improvement from negative 16.2 percent in the second quarter of 2020 due to the better performance in finance and insurance, as well as information and communications sub-sectors.

The construction sector fell 12.4 percent due to the decline in all segments except for specialized construction activities.

Meanwhile, mining and quarrying sector registered a smaller decline of 6.8 percent from negative 20 percent in the previous quarter, mainly attributed by improvement in the production of natural gas and crude oil and condensate.

In the third quarter of 2020, exports of goods and services decreased at a slower pace of 4.7 percent from a negative 21.7 percent in the second quarter, mainly supported by a recovery in goods.

The central bank expected the Malaysian economy to improve further going into 2021 in tandem with better global demand and domestic policy support.

"The recent resurgence of COVID-19 cases and targeted containment measures could affect the momentum of the recovery in the final quarter of the year," it said.

"However, as most economic sectors have been allowed to continue to operate subject to compliance with standard operating procedures, the impact is expected to be less severe compared to the containment measures during previous periods."

Going into 2021, the central bank said the growth is expected to recover, benefitting from the improvement in global demand and a turnaround in public and private sector expenditure amid various policy support.

 

来自: xinhua