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智库警告称,英国退欧后的贸易协议有侵蚀英国工人权利的风险

2020-12-28 16:38

 

2020年12月9日,英国伦敦,一名反脱欧示威者站在议会大厦外。(新华社/韩燕)


“在短期内,这可能会导致贸易流动中断,包括在边境。长期来看,英国经济将适应新的安排,但英国-欧盟贸易壁垒可能会导致增长放缓和更长期的经济复苏,”伦敦智库IPPR表示。


“这使得对工人、气候和环境的保护面临严重侵蚀的风险,”IPPR负责贸易和欧盟关系的主管马利•莫里斯(Marley Morris)表示。


新华网伦敦12月27日电(记者刘建超)英国智库27日发布分析报告称,英国脱欧后与欧盟达成的贸易协议,将使英国工人权利和环境保护面临侵蚀的风险,并将减缓已经受到新冠肺炎疫情影响的英国经济复苏。


伦敦智库公共政策研究所(Institute for Public Policy Research, IPPR)表示,该协议给英国和欧盟带来了明显的好处,如果没有达成协议,它们就会失去这些好处。然而,该协议在劳工和环境标准方面的承诺远低于预期。


IPPR在周日发布的评估报告中表示,英国与欧盟长期谈判的症结之一——“公平竞争环境”——为保护这些问题而提供的证据门槛太高,以至于很少得到执行。


该智库表示,为了达成一项保证最大主权的协议,英国政府弱化了在劳工和环境保护等领域的“公平竞争环境”要求,在市场准入方面只获得了有限的利益。

 


“在短期内,这可能会导致贸易流动中断,包括在边境。从长期来看,经济将适应新的安排,但英国-欧盟贸易壁垒可能会导致增长放缓和更长的经济复苏,”IPPR在周日的评估中补充说。


鉴于要证明任何降低预测都会影响贸易或投资都是出了名的困难,IPPR表示:“如果英国政府愿意削弱欧盟衍生的劳动力和环境政策,该协议不太可能阻止它。”


“这使得对工人、气候和环境的保护面临严重侵蚀的风险,”IPPR负责贸易和欧盟关系的主管马利•莫里斯(Marley Morris)表示。


莫里斯补充说:“这份协议总比没有协议好,但仍会对我们与近邻之间的贸易造成重大障碍,这将抑制经济增长,减缓经济复苏。”


英国首相鲍里斯·约翰逊(Boris Johnson)和欧盟委员会主席乌苏拉·冯·德莱恩(Ursula von der Leyen)周四宣布了这项贸易协议,这是英国和欧盟经过九个月艰苦谈判后达成的。该协议将在2020年12月31日脱欧过渡期结束后,于2021年1月1日临时生效。

 


这项具有里程碑意义的协议,如果得到英国和欧洲议会的批准,将保证大多数商品的零关税贸易,并为未来英欧在打击犯罪、能源和数据共享等问题上的合作创造一个平台。


自贸协定是双方签署的最大双边贸易协定,涉及贸易额约6680亿英镑(约905.4美元)。


英国是欧盟第三大商品贸易伙伴,仅次于美国和中国。

 

An anti-Brexit demonstrator stands outside the Houses of Parliament in London, Britain, on Dec. 9, 2020. (Xinhua/Han Yan)

"In the short-term, this is likely to lead to disruption to trade flows, including at the border. Over the longer term, the economy will adapt to the new arrangements, but barriers to UK-EU trade will likely lead to slower growth and a more prolonged economic recovery," said IPPR, a London-based think tank.

"This leaves protections for workers, climate and the environment at serious risk of being eroded," said Marley Morris, an IPPR director focusing on trade and EU relations.

LONDON, Dec. 27 (Xinhua) -- Britain's post-Brexit trade deal with the European Union (EU) leaves workers' rights and environmental protection at risk of erosion and will slow the country's economic recovery, which has already been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, a British think tank warned Sunday in an analysis.

The agreement offers clear benefits to Britain and the EU, which would have been lost if no deal had been negotiated, however, its commitments on labour and environmental standards are considerably weaker than expected, said the Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR), a London-based think tank.

Published its assessment on Sunday, the IPPR said the bar for proof of breaches of the "level playing field", one of the sticking points in the long Britain-EU negotiations, to safeguard the issues is so high that it will be rarely enforced.

In aiming for an agreement which guarantees maximal sovereignty, the British government has watered down the "level playing field" requirements on areas such as labour and environmental protections and secured only limited benefits in market access, said the think tank.

Anti-Brexit demonstrators stand outside the Houses of Parliament in London, Britain, on Dec. 9, 2020. (Xinhua/Han Yan)

"In the short-term, this is likely to lead to disruption to trade flows, including at the border. Over the longer term, the economy will adapt to the new arrangements, but barriers to UK-EU trade will likely lead to slower growth and a more prolonged economic recovery," the IPPR added in Sunday's assessment.

Given it is notoriously difficult to prove that any lowering of projection affects trade or investment, "the deal is unlikely to prevent the UK government from weakening EU-derived labour and environmental policies if it so chooses," said the IPPR.

"This leaves protections for workers, climate and the environment at serious risk of being eroded," said Marley Morris, an IPPR director focusing on trade and EU relations.

"This thin deal is better than no deal at all, but still creates major trade barriers with our closest neighbour, which will inhibit growth and slow the economic recovery," Morris added.

The trade deal, which came after nine months of arduous negotiations between Britain and the EU, was announced Thursday by British Prime Minister Boris Johnson and European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen. It will come into provisional force on Jan. 1, 2021 after the Brexit transition ends on Dec. 31, 2020.

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen attends a press conference on the post-Brexit trade talks in Brussels, Belgium, Dec. 24, 2020. (Xinhua/Zheng Huansong)

The landmark deal, if approved by British and European parliaments, will guarantee tariff-free trade on most goods and create a platform for future Britain-EU cooperation on issues such as crime fighting, energy and data sharing.

The free trade deal is the biggest bilateral trade deal signed by either side, covering trade worth around 668 billion pounds (about 905.4 U.S. dollars).

Britain is the EU's third largest trading partner in goods, following the United States and China.

 

来自: xinhua