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联合国报告:2021年阿拉伯地区经济增长面临两种情况

2020-12-30 16:06

新华社贝鲁特12月29日电(记者王新宇)联合国西亚经社会29日发布报告,预计阿拉伯地区明年的经济增长率为3.5%或2.8%。


ESCWA报告”,阿拉伯地区的经济社会发展情况的调查,“说,实际的路径将取决于阿拉伯国家的能力来应对COVID-19大流行,造成损失约1400亿美元的地区,导致2020年估计有-3%的增长率萎缩。


西亚经社会警告说,尽管两种情况下的经济增长预计都将是积极的,但这将不足以产生体面的就业机会。


事实上,该地区的失业率预计将在2021年升至12.5%。


巴勒斯坦(31%)和利比亚(22%)的失业率将达到该地区最高水平,约旦和突尼斯的失业率将超过21%,海湾合作委员会(Gulf Cooperation Council)国家的失业率将在5.8%左右徘徊。


报告的主要作者Mohamed Hedi Bchir解释说:“阿拉伯地区面临的危机超出了经济领域,还包括重大的社会挑战。”


该地区的贫困人口也在不断增加,到2021年平均贫困人口比例可能达到32%,影响1.16亿人。它正在努力应对不断上升的青年失业率,平均失业率可能达到27%;性别不平等现象持续存在,中国的性别差距是世界上最高的,达到40%。”


Bchir进一步强调,该地区面临的挑战需要阿拉伯国家政府作出广泛努力,提供必要的社会安全网,特别是在收容难民和移民的社区,因为捐助国的经济衰退,人们越来越担心生活条件进一步恶化。

 

BEIRUT, Dec. 29 (Xinhua) -- The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) on Tuesday projected the growth rate in the Arab region next year at either 3.5 percent or 2.8 percent.

The ESCWA report, "Survey of Economic and Social Developments in the Arab Region," said that the actual path will hinge on the ability of Arab countries to cope with the COVID-19 pandemic, which has caused losses of about 140 billion U.S. dollars for the region, resulting in an estimated -3 percent growth contraction in 2020.

The ESCWA warns that, although growth is expected to be positive in both scenarios, it will not be enough to yield decent job opportunities.

Indeed, the region's unemployment rate is expected to rise to 12.5 percent in 2021.

Unemployment will reach its regional highs in Palestine (31 percent) and Libya (22 percent), while exceeding 21 percent in Jordan and Tunisia and hovering around 5.8 percent in Gulf Cooperation Council countries.

"The crisis faced by the Arab region goes beyond the economic realm to encompass major social challenges," explained the lead author of the report, Mohamed Hedi Bchir.

"The region is also suffering from rising poverty, with an average rate that might reach 32 percent in 2021, affecting 116 million people. It is grappling with rising youth unemployment, with an average rate that might reach 27 percent; and with persisting gender inequality as it registers the world's highest gender gap of 40 percent," he said.

Bchir further underlined that the challenges faced by the region require extensive efforts from Arab governments to provide the necessary social safety nets, especially in communities hosting refugees and migrants where there is growing fear of further deterioration in living conditions due to the economic recession in donor countries.

 

来自: xinhua