找回密码
 立即注册
首页 区块链新闻 查看内容
  • QQ空间

分布式和分散式移动性将成为2021年的主流

2020-12-30 16:58

 

尽管许多人认为这是企业最困难的年份之一,但2020年一直是企业区块链的催化剂,尤其是分布式和分散式移动性。

对于公共部门和私营部门而言,这种大流行都加剧了加速其数字化转型以使其变得更强大,更高效和更受信任的需求。

区块链可以加速这些转变。问题是可扩展性区块链是一项多团队运动,需要跨生态系统的协作。到2021年,杀手级应用将致力于“协作征服”。

分裂我们失败了。 研究和开发需要时间,监管调整,社会化和协作也需要时间。公司筒仓中的早期概念证明(PoC)表明,虽然很容易在链上注册资产并且可以复制各种服务,但没有有效的,商定的方式与第三方进行交流,共享和解决在筒仓外。

不存在业务协议,标准,命名约定,最重要的是,还没有用于生态系统业务协作的网络。虽然可以构建孤立的区块链应用程序,但无法扩展。

没有生态系统和跨行业参与,分布式应用程序将无法插入,也无法共享,也无法提供太多价值。因此,没有杀手级应用。网络经济学的铁律适用于企业区块链-网络的价值随着参与者的平方而增长,而一的平方仍然是一。

在采用任何革命性技术之前,行业需要标准和规范来构建基础基础架构,以使产品和服务的创建能够相互交流和协同工作。

 MOBI成立于2018年,旨在为分布式和分散式移动性创建基于区块链的标准。

没有数字双胞胎,我们就不可能进行数字化转型。因此,第一个发布的MOBI标准是车辆标识,即车辆的诞生。

 MOBI有六个工作组​​(WGs),负责使用案例和技术规范标准的业务要求: 车辆识别码(VID)II-车辆注册和维护 基于使用量的保险(UBI)-随用随付保险/交通 电动汽车网格集成(EVGI)—旨在通过为政府,公用事业和出行行业创建可互操作的系统来帮助提高EV的采用率 互联交通数据市场(CMDM)—为交通和运输生态系统的所有利益相关者提供基于区块链的数据市场 金融,证券化和智能合约(FSSC)-区块链信贷,证券化,移动资产的令牌化以及移动资产的部分所有权等 供应链(SC)—提高汽车供应链的运营效率 无论标准多么出色,最终,它们只是写有文字的纸片。需要采用和实施它们以为生态系统创造有意义的结果。为此,我们在2020年启动了一项新计划,以构建开放移动网络(OMN),该网络与协议无关,由社区所有,并基于MOBI标准构建了自动的企业对企业(B2B)网络,以共享,交换,并通过运输服务和数据获利。

OMN的总体目标是创建一个可互操作的生态系统,以增强所有利益相关者的信任度,透明度,协调性和自动化程度。

MOBI不是区块链项目。我们是一个社区和生态系统项目,通过在两者之间建立“管道”来有条不紊地从A升级到Z。

我们不仅依靠会员的自愿时间来创建可交付成果,还让MOBI团队成员执行具有多年实施策略的项目。

例如,我们的每个工作组都有三位MOBI团队成员支持: 工作组负责人-监督工作组并与企业联合主席协作,以指导工作组朝正确的方向发展 技术主管-提供技术支持和监督 研究员-研究和行政支持 过去的一年,区块链,物联网,人工智能,5G和增强型GPS(实时定位)的融合在企业中取得了进展。

这些快速成熟的技术的融合允许任何人(人,车辆或基础设施)具有安全的身份,智能的身份以及与其他事物的安全交易。目标是连接的移动基础设施无缝交换服务和付款,具有分散的身份和实时位置,从而实现“信任旅行”和数万亿美元的新商机。这些允许基于使用量的运输服务消耗。

2021年将是关键行业成功建立可行的业务网络的一年,用例,数量和规模将获得成功。 2021年的杀手级应用将是去中心化集成商。 区块链是关键创新。

 

 

While considered by many to be one of the most difficult years for business, 2020 has been a catalyst for enterprise blockchain, notably for distributed and decentralized mobility. Call me biased. For both public and private sectors, the pandemic amplified the need to accelerate their digital transformation to emerge stronger, more efficient, and trusted. Blockchain can accelerate these transformations. The catch is scalable blockchain is a multi-team sport and requires cross-ecosystem collaboration. In 2021 killer apps will be about “collaboration to conquer.” Divided we fail.

Research and development take time, and so do regulatory adjustments, socialization, and collaboration. Early proofs-of-concept (PoCs) within corporate silos showed that while it was easy to register an asset on a chain and that various services could be replicated, there were no efficient, agreed ways to communicate, share, and settle with third parties outside the silo. Business protocols, standards, naming conventions, and, above all, networks for ecosystem business collaboration didn’t exist. While siloed blockchain applications could be built, they couldn’t scale. Without an ecosystem and cross-industry participation, the distributed applications had nothing to plug into, nothing to share, and not a lot of value to offer. Therefore no killer app. The iron rules of network economics apply to enterprise blockchain — the value of the network grows as the square of the participants and the square of one is still one.

Before the adoption of any revolutionary technology, industries need standards and specifications to build the foundational infrastructure enabling the creation of products and services that can communicate and work together. MOBI was formed in 2018 to create blockchain-based standards for distributed and decentralized mobility. We can not have a digital transformation without digital twins. Therefore the first MOBI Standard released was the vehicle identity, the birth of a vehicle. MOBI has six working groups (WGs) working on use cases and business requirements for technical specification standards:

  • Vehicle Identity (VID) II — vehicle registration and maintenance
  • Usage-Based Insurance (UBI) — pay as you go insurance/mobility
  • Electric Vehicle Grid Integration (EVGI) — aims to aid the increasing adoption of EV by creating interoperable systems for governments, utilities, and the mobility industry
  • Connected Mobility Data Marketplace (CMDM) — enable a blockchain-based data marketplace for all stakeholders of the mobility and transportation ecosystem 
  • Finance, Securitization, and Smart Contract (FSSC) — credit on blockchain, securitization, tokenization of mobility assets, and fractional ownership of mobility assets, among others
  • Supply Chain (SC) — enable operational efficiencies in the automotive supply chain

No matter how good the standards are, at the end of the day, they are just pieces of paper with writing on them. They need to be adopted and implemented to create impactful outcomes for the ecosystem. To do that, we’ve launched a new program in 2020 to build the Open Mobility Network (OMN), a protocol-agnostic, community-owned and built automated business to business (B2B) network based on MOBI standards to share, exchange, and monetize transportation services and data. The overall goal of the OMN is to create an interoperable ecosystem with increased trust, transparency, coordination, and automation for all stakeholders.

MOBI is not a blockchain project. We are a community and ecosystem project that progresses from A to Z methodically by building the “plumbing” in between. We don’t rely solely on members’ volunteered time to create deliverables, we have MOBI team members executing projects with a multi-year implementation strategy. For example, each of our WGs has three MOBI team members supporting it:

  • Working Group Lead — oversees the WG and collaborate with the enterprise Co-chairs to steer the WG in the right direction
  • Technical Lead — provide technical support and oversight
  • Fellow — research and administrative support

This past year, progress has been made in enterprise with the convergence of blockchain, IoT, AI, 5G, and enhanced GPS (real time location). The convergence of these rapidly maturing technologies permits anything —a person, a vehicle, or a piece of infrastructure— to have a secure identity, be intelligent, and securely transact with other things. The goal is a connected mobility infrastructure exchanging services and payments seamlessly, with decentralized identities and real time locations enabling “Trusted Trips” and trillions of dollars of new business opportunities. These allow for usage-based consumption of Transportation Services.

2021 will be the year for viable business networks to emerge for key industries with use cases, numbers, and scale to be successful. The killer app for 2021 will be Decentralized Integrator. Blockchain is the key innovation required to create networks where no one has privileged access to the root directory. Therefore there’s trust and you don’t have to rely on someone’s good intention. To create a decentralized integrator for the ecosystem, we’ve been building Citopia for smart city applications leveraging MOBI standards and the OMN. Citopia is a Coordination and Payment Platform built on blockchain to enable data privacy and integration of users with providers through decentralized applications (dAPPs).

At the heart of Citopia is the ability to combine the MOBI VID, vehicle location in time and space, and connected vehicle telematics to create a Trusted Trip that enables pay as you go monetization of mobility assets and services. Marginal cost pricing for roads and curbs, insurance, carbon footprint pricing, multimodal transit, and many other applications can be offered by dAPPs running within the ecosystem.

Even more promising, the emerging business ecosystems like MOBI are themselves beginning to collaborate to gain scale, strengthen their network economics, and reach the tipping point of mass adoption sooner. In October 2020, MOBI signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the Communications Business Automation Network (CBAN). Under the MOU, both CBAN and MOBI agree to collaborate to define core services (governance, identity, assurance, technical negotiation, etc.) for their respective roaming connected devices. This will allow automated and decentralized business processes, executed by edge devices, to be fully interoperable between MOBI and CBAN. By joining forces, the network economics are much stronger. Members of both consortia recognize that there are significant first mover advantages and high barriers to later entrants. The ability of roaming devices, whether they be vehicles or phones, to autonomously transact, pay for infrastructure, share their intentions and coordinate their plans will arrive before, and ultimately have far more impact on our transportation systems, than self driving cars.

The blockchain hype of the last decade wasn’t wrong, just premature. Lead times are long and foundational work was needed before even the closest applications could be realized. This work included standards development and adoption, agreement on the early use cases, community building, and, of course, building the shared network services. The good news, and what gives us cause for optimism, is that much of this is either completed or now underway.

 

原作者: Tram Vo 来自: Ledger Insights