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在飞机补贴争端中,美国修改对欧盟产品的关税

2020-12-31 17:27

 

新华社华盛顿12月30日电美国贸易代表办公室30日表示,美国将调整从欧盟进口的部分产品的关税,以解决长期存在的飞机补贴争端。


去年10月,在世界贸易组织(WTO)就补贴欧盟空中客车(Airbus)飞机作出裁决后,美国开始对一系列价值75亿美元的欧洲产品征收额外关税。


今年早些时候,世贸组织就美国波音飞机的补贴做出了类似的决定,欧盟在11月对价值40亿美元的美国产品征收额外关税。


美国贸易代表办公室周三称,欧盟对“远远超出本应涵盖范围的产品”征收关税,因为它使用的是由于COVID-19大流行导致贸易量大幅下降期间的贸易数据。


“尽管美国向欧盟的扭曲效应解释选择的时期,欧盟拒绝改变其方法,“办公室在一份声明中说,添加新的额外的关税,产品包括飞机制造零件,某些无气泡矿泉水酒,和某些白兰地和其他来自法国和德国葡萄白兰地。


美国贸易代表办公室表示:“为了不使局势升级,美国对产品覆盖范围的调整低于欧盟所选择的合理期限。”


据彭博社报道,美国和欧盟贸易官员都表示希望通过谈判解决飞机补贴问题,但周三的举动反映出美国贸易代表罗伯特·莱特希泽(Robert Lighthizer)怀疑,美国总统川普政府在不到一个月的时间里能否达成这样的协议。


有关飞机补贴的争议已经持续了16年。2004年,美国向WTO提起诉讼,指控欧盟以各种形式向空客提供非法补贴。欧盟也就美国对波音公司的非法补贴提起了类似的诉讼。世贸组织裁定,美国和欧盟都为各自的航空公司提供了非法补贴。

 

WASHINGTON, Dec. 30 (Xinhua) -- The United States is adjusting tariffs on certain products imported from the European Union (EU) in a long-time dispute over aircraft subsidies, said the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) on Wednesday.

Washington started to impose additional tariffs on a wide range of European products worth 7.5 billion U.S. dollars in October last year, after a World Trade Organization (WTO) ruling on subsidies to the EU aircraft Airbus.

Following a similar WTO decision on subsidies to the U.S. aircraft Boeing earlier this year, the EU slapped additional tariffs on U.S. products worth 4 billion dollars in November.

The USTR's office on Wednesday claimed that the EU imposed tariffs on "substantially more products than would have been covered" as it used trade data from a period in which trade volumes had been drastically reduced due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

"Although the United States explained to the EU the distortive effect of its selected time period, the EU refused to change its approach," said the office in a statement, adding that products subject to new additional tariffs include aircraft manufacturing parts, certain non-sparkling wine, and certain cognac and other grape brandies from France and Germany.

"In order to not escalate the situation, the United States is adjusting the product coverage by less than the full amount that would be justified utilizing the EU's chosen time period," the USTR's office said.

Both U.S. and EU trade officials have expressed their desire for a negotiated settlement in aircraft subsidies, but Wednesday's move reflects USTR Robert Lighthizer's skepticism that such a deal can be done with less than a month left for the administration of U.S. President Donald Trump, said Bloomberg News.

The aircraft subsidy dispute has dragged on for 16 years. In 2004, the United States filed a case with the WTO, accusing the EU of providing illegal subsidies to Airbus in various forms. The EU has since filed a similar case over allegedly illegal U.S. subsidies to Boeing. The WTO has ruled that both the United States and the EU have provided illegal subsidies for their respective airlines.

 

来自: xinhua