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韩国的总体通胀率已连续两年低于1%

2020-12-31 17:31

 

首尔,12月31日(新华社)——韩国统计局周四公布的数据显示,由于较低的原油价格和较低的服务价格,韩国的总体通货膨胀率已经连续两年低于1%。


根据韩国统计局的数据,2020年消费者价格指数(CPI)为105.42,比前一年上升了0.5%。该指数在2016年上涨1.0%,2017年上涨1.9%,2018年上涨1.5%,2019年上涨0.4%。


这是自1965年开始收集数据以来,美国消费者价格指数(cpi)首次连续两年徘徊在1%以下。


统计局将低通胀归因于COVID-19大流行降低了全球原油价格和国内服务价格。


今年的服务价格上涨了0.3%,因为社交距离指导方针不鼓励人们从事诸如外出就餐和休闲等户外活动。


2020年,私人服务价格同比上涨1.2%,为2012年以来八年来的最低水平。


由于政府扩大福利政策,如对公共教育的财政支持和对疫情重灾区的财政援助,公共服务价格下降1.9%。


这是2019年公共服务价格下跌0.5%的最大跌幅。


由于全球原油价格下降,2020年工业产品价格同比下降0.2%。石油产品价格暴跌7.3%。


受原油价格下跌影响,电力、自来水和天然气价格今年下跌1.4%。


2020年,农畜水产品价格上涨6.7%,创下2011年以来9年以来的最快增速。猪肉价格上涨10.7%,白菜价格上涨41.7%。


2020年,Jeonse的价格同比上涨了0.3%,月租金上涨了0.1%。


Jeonse是韩国两户家庭之间签订的一种特殊合同,房东授予租客居住两年的权利,租客再借给房东一定数额的钱或押金。


核心消费者价格指数(不包括波动较大的农产品和石油产品)在2020年同比上涨0.7%。这是自1999年以来的最低涨幅,当时该指数仅上涨0.3%。


经济合作与发展组织方法的核心价格指数,不包括食品和能源成本,今年增长了0.4%。


衡量鱼类、贝类、水果和蔬菜价格的新鲜食品指数今年飙升了9.0%,创下了2010年以来的最高涨幅。


所谓的生活用品指数,衡量生活必需品的价格,在2020年攀升了0.4%。


12月,CPI为105.67,比去年同期上升0.5%。月度整体通胀率已经连续第三个月低于1%。


农牧渔业产品价格在12月同比上涨9.7%,但与11月11.1%的涨幅相比有所下降。


本月成品油价格下跌12.6%,但低于11月14.8%的跌幅。


私人服务价格在12月上涨了1.3%,因为本月初政府收紧了其五级社交距离规则,以遏制COVID-19在这里卷土重来。


去年12月核心消费者价格指数(cpi)同比上涨0.9%。

 

SEOUL, Dec. 31 (Xinhua) -- South Korea's headline inflation stayed below 1 percent for two straight years owing to cheaper crude oil and lower services price, statistical office data showed Thursday.

The consumer price index (CPI) stood at 105.42 in 2020, up 0.5 percent from the previous year, according to Statistics Korea. The index added 0.4 percent in 2019, after going up 1.0 percent in 2016, 1.9 percent in 2017 and 1.5 percent in 2018 respectively.

It marked the first time since data began to be compiled in 1965 that the consumer price inflation hovered below 1 percent for two years in a row.

The statistical office attributed the low inflation to the COVID-19 pandemic that lowered global crude oil price and domestic services price.

Services price added 0.3 percent this year as the social-distancing guidelines discouraged people from doing outside activities such as eating-out and leisure.

Private services price increased 1.2 percent in 2020 from a year earlier, marking the lowest in eight years since 2012.

Public services price declined 1.9 percent as the government expanded welfare policy, such as financial support for public education and fiscal assistance to those who were hit hard by the pandemic.

It was the biggest fall in public services price that retreated 0.5 percent in 2019.

Price for industrial products slipped 0.2 percent in 2020 from the previous year amid cheaper global crude oil. Price for oil products plummeted 7.3 percent.

Affected by the cheaper crude oil, price for electricity, tap water and natural gas retreated 1.4 percent this year.

Price for agricultural, livestock and fishery products advanced 6.7 percent in 2020, posting the fastest growth in nine years since 2011. Pork price picked up 10.7 percent, and napa cabbage price jumped 41.7 percent.

Jeonse price gained 0.3 percent in 2020 from the prior year, and monthly rent added 0.1 percent.

Jeonse is the country's unique contract between two households where a landlord grants a residence right for two years to a tenant, who in turn lends a certain amount of money, or deposit, to the landlord.

Core consumer price index, which excludes volatile agricultural and oil products, was up 0.7 percent in 2020 from a year ago. It was the lowest increase since 1999 when the index added 0.3 percent.

The OECD-method core price index, which excludes food and energy costs, increased 0.4 percent this year.

The fresh food index, which gauges price for fish, shellfish, fruit and vegetable, soared 9.0 percent this year, recording the highest growth since 2010.

The so-called livelihood items index, which measures price for daily necessities, climbed 0.4 percent in 2020.

In December, the CPI came in at 105.67, up 0.5 percent from a year earlier. The monthly headline inflation hovered below 1 percent for the third consecutive month.

Price for agricultural, livestock and fishery products soared 9.7 percent in December from a year earlier, but it was down from a 11.1 percent gain in November.

Oil products price tumbled 12.6 percent this month, but it was slower than a 14.8 percent decline in November.

Private services price increased 1.3 percent in December as the government tightened its five-tier social-distancing rules to the second-highest level earlier this month to contain the COVID-19 resurgence here.

The core consumer price index rose 0.9 percent in December from a year ago.

 

来自: xinhua