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世界经济论坛:中国表示,数字人民币的目标并不是挑战美元

2021-1-30 14:49

 

在今天的虚拟世界经济论坛上,中国首席经济学家朱民在回答Coindesk的Michael Casey的问题时表示,他不认为有通过“一带一路”倡议来扩大数字人民币国际影响力的计划。


朱民是清华大学中国国家金融研究院院长,曾任国际货币基金组织副总裁和中国人民银行副行长。


他还说,“我不认为我们认为数字人民币是与美元竞争的工具。无论在经济理论还是在实践中,货币竞争都是一个非常模糊和不明确的概念。”


然而,朱民认为,央行数字货币(CBDC)将在市场力量的推动下跨境使用。这包括贸易流动、跨境支付和货币兑换。


有人提出了尊重其他国家的完整性的重要性。


“新加坡愿意让中国数字货币进入新加坡吗?”中方是否愿意接受新加坡数字货币?也许两国可以签署一项协议?朱民诙谐地问道。


他还谈到了互操作性,并强调了两个cbdc可能具有非常不同的技术设计。


在同一个讨论会上,新加坡高级部长尚达曼(Tharman Shanmugaratnam)谈到了当前美元化对一些新兴经济体的风险,而数字货币将加剧这些风险。这就是货币主权的问题。


他谈到了公开提供数字身份的必要性,比如印度的Aadhaar。这不仅对国内数字货币很重要,对跨境交易也很重要,他预计在跨境交易中,身份也会被使用。


“在国际上,这一工具仍然很重要:监管机构就原则和要求达成一致,以确保你不匿名。”我们要面对的是,在未来很长一段时间里,非法活动仍将是生活的现实。”


他对数字货币最大的担忧之一是网络风险。“这是个大问题,”他说。我自己喜欢这种生物多样性的原因之一。并赞成即使在我们自己的国家,也不要有一个占主导地位的大型央行数字货币解决方案,更不用说在国际上了。”


“你不希望整个系统一下子崩溃,”他说。

 

Today at the virtual World Economic Forum, leading Chinese economist Zhu Min, said he didn’t think there’s a plan for the digital yuan to expand the currency’s international reach through the Belt and Road Initiative, responding to a question from Coindesk’s Michael Casey.

Zhu Min is Chairman of China’s National Institute of Financial Research at Tsinghua University and a former Deputy Managing Director at the IMF and former Deputy Governor at the People’s Bank of China.

He also said, “I don’t think we thought of it (digital yuan) as an instrument to compete with the dollar. And currency competition is a very vague and unclear concept both in economic theory and also in practice.”

However, Zhu Min believes that the central bank digital currency (CBDC) will be used across borders, driven by market forces. These include trade flows, cross border payments, and currency exchange.

The importance of respecting the integrity of other countries was raised.

“Is Singapore willing to have the Chinese digital currency move into Singapore? And China willing to accept the Singapore digital currency? Maybe the two countries can sign a deal?” asked Zhu Min jocularly.

He also touched on interoperability and highlighted that two CBDCs could have very different technical designs.

On the same panel, Singapore Senior Minister Tharman Shanmugaratnam talked about the current risks of dollarization for some emerging economies and digital currencies will exacerbate those risks. So there is the issue of monetary sovereignty.

He spoke about the need for publicly provided digital identities, like India’s Aadhaar. That’s important not just for domestic digital currencies but also for cross border transactions where he envisions the identity also being used.

“Internationally that tool will remain important: agreeing amongst regulators on the principles and requirements to ensure that you don’t have anonymity. And that you do have traceability of transactions in a world where, let’s face it, illicit activity will remain a fact of life for a long time to come,” said Shanmugaratnam.

One of his biggest concerns with digital currencies is cyber risks. “It’s a huge issue,” he said. “And one of the reasons why I myself favor this biodiversity. And favor not having one big dominant central bank digital currency solution even within our own countries, let alone internationally.”

“You don’t want the whole system blowing up at once,” he said.

 

来自: Ledger Insights