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利比里亚在Medici Land试行区块链土地注册

2021-2-21 14:31

 

Overstock.com的区块链子公司美第奇土地管理公司(Medici Land Governance, MLG)在利比里亚蒙罗维亚市使用区块链启动了一个土地管理试点项目。该试点项目由这家科技公司、利比里亚土地管理局和财政部和发展规划部合作开展。


土地所有权不明确会减少对房地产的投资,使土地所有者不愿在财产维护上花钱,从而抑制经济活动。


MLG的目标是通过使用区块链技术提高土地识别和记录的效率和准确性,实现土地所有权的民主化,特别是在发展中国家。该公司在非洲、墨西哥和其他地区有土地所有权和管理项目。例如,在赞比亚,MLG正在与政府进行为期10年的合作,预计将向该国数百万土地所有者发放土地所有权。


利比里亚的计划最初将旨在记录多达1000个住宅地块的土地权利。这一过程包括对该地区拍摄高分辨率航空图像并收集数据。因此,MLG从1月份起就开始使用无人机拍摄该地区的照片,并组建了一个小组,从土地所有者那里收集信息,并向居民解释该项目。这些数据将被上传到MLG开发的土地管理系统中。


MLG的高分辨率航空图像技术也被圣基茨和尼维斯政府用于跟踪房产所有权和价值。


区块链的数据不能被修改或操纵,这一事实通常被视为一种优势。然而,数据的收集和录入仍然受到人为错误和欺诈的影响。虽然MLG和其他类似举措确保了数据的准确收集,但审计仍应是区块链土地所有权行业的必要做法。


然而,这一解决方案可能会促进社区的经济安全。“提供一个确认个人土地所有权的平台,对于建设关键的土地治理基础设施至关重要,反过来,真正的经济增长也会让利比里亚人直接受益。MLG的首席执行官Ali El Hesseini说。


与此同时,其他国家的政府也认识到区块链在土地所有权方面的潜力。南非正在试行一个项目,因为该国在1994年的一个发展计划下建造的数百万套住房中登记的不到三分之二。联合国正在为阿富汗城市制定土地登记解决方案。除了社会经济福利,美国初创公司Propy在区块链上完成了房地产交易的试点,西班牙注册商协会正在开发一个区块链旅游租赁平台。

 

Overstock.com’s blockchain subsidiary Medici Land Governance (MLG) launched a land administration pilot project using blockchain in the city of Monrovia, in Liberia. The pilot is a collaboration between the tech company, Liberia’s Land Authority department and the Ministry of Finance and Development Planning.

Lack of clarity in land ownership suppresses economic activity by diminishing investment in real estate and making landowners reluctant to spend on property maintenance.

MLG’s initiatives aim to democratize land ownership, especially in developing countries, by enhancing the efficiency and accuracy of land recognition and recording it using blockchain technology. The company has projects in Africa, Mexico, and other regions for land titling and administration. In Zambia, for example, MLG is in a ten-year collaboration with the government and is expected to issue land titles to millions of landowners in the country. 

Liberia’s initiative will initially aim to document the land rights of up to 1000 residential land parcels. The process involves taking high-resolution aerial images of the region and data collection. Hence MLG has been flying drones since January to take pictures of the area, and assembled a team to collect information from landowners and explain the project to residents. The data will then be uploaded into a land administration system developed by MLG. 

MLG’s high-resolution aerial image technology is also being used by St. Kitts and Nevis government to track property ownership and value. 

The fact that a blockchain’s data cannot be modified or manipulated is generally seen as an advantage. However, data collection and entry into the system are still subject to human error and fraud. While MLG and other similar initiatives ensure the accurate collection of data, auditing should still be a necessary practice in the blockchain land titling industry. 

Nevertheless, the solution will likely prompt more economic security in the communities. “Providing a platform to affirm individual land ownership rights is essential to building the critical infrastructure for land governance, and in turn, real economic growth directly benefiting Liberians.” said MLG’s CEO Ali El Hesseini.

Meanwhile, various other governments are recognizing the potential of blockchain in land titlingSouth Africa is piloting a project because it had registered less than two-thirds of the millions of houses built under a 1994 development program. And the UN is working on land registry solutions for urban cities in Afghanistan. Beyond socio-economic welfare, American startup Propy completed trials for real estate transactions on blockchain and the Spanish Association of Registrars is developing a blockchain platform for tourist rentals. 

 

来自: Ledger Insights