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AACRAO的调查显示,人们对区块链可验证的教育证书不感兴趣

2021-3-20 15:46

 


上周,美国大学注册和招生官员协会(AACRAO)发布了一项关于当前教育证书趋势的调查。AACRAO拥有1.1万名高等教育专业会员,旨在改善教育机构的档案管理。区块链可验证的凭据不在名单的前列。


该报告的一个关键结论是,教育证书必须实现无纸化。基于纸张的流程效率很低,因为文档不能重复使用,获取记录的副本很耗时,而且很容易伪造。尽管数字证书以这样或那样的形式存在了近30年,但大流行迫使大多数机构加速向某种数字化、互操作和便携认证系统的转变。


调查得出的结论是,32%的机构计划投入更多资源用于证书数字化,89%的机构表示目前至少使用了一种类型的数字证书。然而,在大学和学院进行的大多数程序都是基于纸张的。


AACRAO调查了四种数字证书技术的使用和看法:数字签名pdf、特定技能的数字徽章、电子数据交换(EDX)和区块链可验证的证书。总体目标是为学生建立一个有效的环境,安全可靠地与未来的雇主或其他教育机构分享他们的证书,并减少欺诈机会。


每种技术的采用率都有很大的差距。不出所料,pdf文件是最常见的电子证书,但只有4%的调查机构将它们变成机器可读的。在对未来12-24个月实施新数字证书的可能性进行调查时,只有14%的机构回答他们“极有可能”采用区块链可验证证书,相比之下,有49%的机构计划采用数字签名PDF成绩单。


虽然基于区块链的凭证有一些明显的优势,如接收者所有权和控制权、即时加密验证和增强的安全性,但调查结果并不令人惊讶。区块链在高等教育中的使用直到2017年才真正开始,它仍然被误解为一项复杂的技术。一半的受访者表示,他们对这项技术不熟悉,25%的人表示,他们只知道一点点。此外,大流行造成的紧迫性可能使PDF抄本等更容易理解和快速的解决方案更受欢迎。


尽管如此,区块链证书正变得越来越普遍。还没有实施的机构看到了潜力,特别是在大学之间转移学分的解决方案。


去年,赞助该调查的内容管理提供商海兰德(Hyland)推出了基于区块链的教育记录认证解决方案,便利了学位的验证和共享。北德克萨斯大学(University of North Texas)与Greenlight Credentials建立了合作关系,使学生能够存储并与世界各地的任何实体分享他们的学术记录。就在上个月,美国教育委员会(American Council on Education)在区块链创新挑战中选出了四个获奖小组。

 

Last week, the American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers (AACRAO) released a survey about current education credentials trends. AACRAO, with its 11,000 higher education professional membership, aims to improve record management in educational institutions. Blockchain verifiable credentials were not near the top of the list.

A key takeaway from the report is the need for educational credentials to go paperless. Paper-based processes are inefficient because the document’s can’t be reused, it’s time-consuming to get copies of the records, and they can be easily faked. While digital credentials have been around in one form or another for almost 30 years, the pandemic compelled most institutions to accelerate the shift towards some sort of digitized, interoperable and portable credentialing system. 

The survey concludes that 32% of institutions plan to devote more resources to credential digitization and 89% report using at least one type of digital credential today. Still, most processes carried out at universities and colleges are paper-based. 

AACRAO surveyed the use and perception of four digital credentials technologies: digitally signed PDFs, digital badges for a specific skill, electronic data exchange (EDX), and blockchain verifiable credentials. The overall goal is to establish an efficient environment for students to safely and credibly share their credentials with prospective employers or other educational institutions and reduce fraud opportunities.

There is a large gap in the adoption rates of each technology. Unsurprisingly, PDFs are the most common electronic credential, yet only 4% of institutions surveyed have made them machine-readable. When surveyed about the likelihood of implementing new digital credentials in the next 12-24 months, only 14% of institutions responded they are “extremely likely” to adopt blockchain verifiable credentials in contrast with 49% planning digitally signed PDF transcripts.

While blockchain-based credentials have some distinct advantages such as recipient ownership and control, instant cryptographic verification and enhanced security, the survey outcomes are not that surprising. Blockchain use in higher education only really started in 2017, and it is still fairly misunderstood and perceived as a complex technology. Half of those surveyed said they are unfamiliar with the technology, and 25% said they have only slight knowledge. In addition, the urgency created by the pandemic may have made more easily understood and quick solutions such as PDF transcripts even more popular.

Nevertheless, blockchain credentials are becoming more widespread. Institutions not already implementing it see potential, particularly for transfer of credit solutions between colleges. 

Last year, Hyland, the content management provider that sponsored the survey, launched a blockchain-based credentialing solution for education records, facilitating the verification and sharing of degrees. The University of North Texas has a partnership with Greenlight Credentials to enable students to store and share their academic records with any entity around the world, and just last month, the American Council on Education selected four winning groups in a Blockchain Innovation Challenge. 

 

来自: Ledger Insights