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拜登的6万亿美元预算计划受到了立法者和预算观察人士的褒贬不一的看法

2021-5-30 17:57

 

新华社华盛顿5月29日电——美国总统乔·拜登的6万亿美元双边投资计划。美国国会议员和预算观察人士对一项以美元计的2022财政年度预算提案的评价褒贬不一,这可能会在国会引发激烈辩论。


这项提议包括拜登在基础设施、教育、医疗保健等领域增加投资的计划,它将把联邦开支推至几十年来最高的持续水平。


星期五公布的预算要求未来十年的总开支超过6万亿美元,到2031财政年度增加到8.2万亿美元。与此同时,未来10年赤字将保持在1.3万亿美元以上。


拜登在对国会的讲话中说:“该预算直接投资于美国人民,将加强我们国家的经济,改善我们长期的财政健康状况。”


拜登认为,预算计划改革美国的“破碎的税法”奖励工作而不是财富,同时也完全支付美国就业计划和美国家庭计划15年来,指的是修改后的1.7万亿美元基础设施计划和1.8万亿美元开支提案关注儿童保育和教育。


总统表示:“这将帮助我们建立一个基础广泛、具有包容性、持续和强劲的复苏。”


白宫的预算提案在国会议员中引发了赞扬和批评,他们的观点在很大程度上因党派分歧而存在分歧。


众议院议长南希·佩洛西在一份声明中说:“拜登总统的预算是民主党对美国工人和中产阶级家庭价值的明确声明,他们是我们国家实力的基础,也是更好地重建的关键。”他指出,拜登的预算对美国劳动力和经济进行了“历史性”投资。


这位民主党领袖说:“国会的民主党人期待与拜登-哈里斯政府合作,通过这个有远见的预算,为我们国家的机会和繁荣铺平道路。”


众议院筹款委员会(House Ways and Means Committee)主席尼尔(Richard Neal)说,委员会中的民主党人将仔细考虑政府的提案。参议院预算委员会(Senate Budget Committee)主席伯尼·桑德斯(Bernie Sanders)表示,作为“第一步”,该委员会将很快就总统的预算举行听证会。


与此同时,参议院少数党领袖麦康奈尔(Mitch McConnell)猛烈抨击预算计划,称“美国人已经受到忽视现实的极左经济的伤害。”


这位共和党领导人在推特上说:“到目前为止,拜登政府已经建议我们今年再花费7万亿美元。”“这比我们在二战期间花的钱还要多。”


“民主党人需要控制他们失控的消费习惯,”麦康奈尔说。


共和党议员此前曾猛烈抨击拜登的数万亿美元支出计划,称其为“自由主义者的白日梦”,并认为增税会降低工资、扼杀就业机会并使美国经济萎缩。


在公布2022财政年度预算提案之际,最近有关拜登基础设施计划的谈判未能达成协议。


上周,白宫将拜登的2.3万亿美元基础设施计划的总成本下调至1.7万亿美元,但参议院共和党人随后提出了9280亿美元的还价,略高于拜登修正后数字的一半。


在国会山外,新公布的预算计划也引发了激烈的讨论。


“跟随总统预算> 40年,我认为这是公平地说,虽然我可能会修改一些东西拜登在新的预算,可以,如果实施,做更多比任何其他预算减少贫困和不平等在现代美国历史上,”鲍勃·格林斯坦,预算和政策优先中心的创始人,在推特上说。


监督组织“负责任联邦预算委员会”(Committee for a Responsible Federal budget)表示:“我们很高兴,拜登总统提出了他的预算计划的重要细节,他的经济假设是合理的,他提议在适度减少长期赤字的同时,逐步抵消新的成本。”


然而,该组织认为,该预算在未来10年已经达到创纪录水平的债务上增加了“太多”,而在解决长期不断上升的结构性赤字方面“做得太少”。


根据该组织的估计,美国债务与国内生产总值(GDP)之比将从2020财年底的100%、2021年底的创纪录110%升至2031财年底的117%。以名义美元计算,债务将增加17万亿美元,到2031财政年度末将超过39万亿美元。


彼得森基金会(Peter G. Peterson Foundation)也是一个财政监督组织,它在一份声明中表示,政府建议增加收入,以支付其长期计划的成本;“然而,这些成本不会在传统的10年期限内完全抵消,而是在15年期限内抵消。”

该基金会表示:“大流行之前存在的收入和支出之间的根本结构性失衡将继续存在,从而导致财政前景不可持续。”

 

 

WASHINGTON, May 29 (Xinhua) -- U.S. President Joe Biden's 6-trillion-U.S.-dollar budget proposal for fiscal year 2022 has drawn mixed reviews from lawmakers and budget watchers, setting the stage for potentially heated debate in Congress.

The proposal, which included Biden's plan to increase investment in infrastructure, education, health care and beyond, would push federal spending to the highest sustained levels in decades.

The budget unveiled Friday calls for total spending to run above 6 trillion dollars throughout the next decade, and rise to 8.2 trillion dollars by fiscal year 2031. Deficits, meanwhile, would stay above 1.3 trillion dollars in the next 10 years.

"The budget invests directly in the American people and will strengthen our nation's economy and improve our long-run fiscal health," Biden said in his message to Congress.

Biden argued that the budget plan reforms America's "broken tax code" to reward work instead of wealth, while also fully paying for the American Jobs Plan and the American Families Plan over 15 years, referring to the revised 1.7-trillion-dollar infrastructure plan and the 1.8-trillion-dollar spending proposal focusing on childcare and education.

"It will help us build a recovery that is broad-based, inclusive, sustained, and strong," the president said.

The White House's budget proposal sparked praise and criticism among lawmakers, whose views are largely divided along party lines.

"President Biden's budget is an unequivocal declaration of the value that Democrats place on America's workers and middle class families, who are the foundation of our nation's strength and the key to Build Back Better," House Speaker Nancy Pelosi said in a statement, noting that the Biden budget makes "historic" investments in the American workforce and economy.

"Congressional Democrats look forward to working with the Biden-Harris Administration to enact this visionary budget, which will pave the path to opportunity and prosperity for our nation," said the Democratic leader.

Richard Neal, chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, said committee Democrats will consider the administration's proposals carefully. Bernie Sanders, chairman of the Senate Budget Committee, said the committee will soon be holding a hearing on the president's budget "as a first step."

Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, meanwhile, lashed out at the budget plan, arguing that "Americans are already hurting from far-left economics that ignore reality."

"So far the Biden Administration has recommended we spend 7 trillion additional dollars this year," the Republican leader said on Twitter. "That would be more than we spent during World War II."

"Democrats need to get their runaway spending habits under control," McConnell said.

Republican lawmakers have previously lashed out at Biden's multi-trillion-dollar spending proposals, calling them "liberal daydream," and arguing that the tax hikes would lower wages, kill jobs and shrink the U.S. economy.

The budget proposal for fiscal year 2022 was released as recent negotiations over Biden's infrastructure plan failed to yield a deal.

The White House last week lowered the overall price tag of Biden's 2.3-trillion-dollar infrastructure plan to 1.7 trillion dollars, but Senate Republicans then proposed a 928-billion-dollar counteroffer, just over half of Biden's revised figure.

Outside Capitol Hill, the newly unveiled budget plan also prompted heated discussion.

"Having followed Presidents' budgets for >40 years, I think it's fair to say that while I might modify some things in the new Biden budget, it would, if enacted, do more to reduce poverty and inequality than any other budget in modern US history," Bob Greenstein, founder of the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, said on Twitter.

"We are pleased that President Biden has put forward important details of his budget plan, that his economic assumptions are reasonable, and that he is proposing to offset new costs over time while modestly reducing long-term deficits," said the Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget, a watchdog group.

The group, however, argued that the budget adds "too much" to already record-level debt over the next decade and "does far too little" to address rising structural deficits over the long term.

According to the group's estimation, U.S. debt would rise from 100 percent of GDP at the end of fiscal year 2020 and a record 110 percent at the end of 2021 to 117 percent by the end of fiscal year 2031. In nominal dollars, debt would grow by 17 trillion dollars, to over 39 trillion by the end of fiscal year 2031.

The Peter G. Peterson Foundation, also a fiscal watchdog group, said in a statement that the administration proposes increasing revenues to cover the cost of their longer-term initiatives; "however, those costs would not be fully offset during the traditional 10-year window, rather over a 15-year period."

"The underlying structural imbalance between revenues and spending that existed before the pandemic budget would remain, leaving an unsustainable fiscal outlook," the foundation said.

 

来自: xinhua