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拜登撤销了特朗普针对TikTok的行政禁令

2021-6-11 10:48


周三,美国总统拜登撤销并替换了针对TikTok、微信和前总统川普签署的其他八款软件的行政命令。


“拜登总统撤销并替换了三项行政命令,这些命令旨在禁止与TikTok、微信和其他八款通信和金融技术软件应用程序的交易;其中有两位首席执行官面临诉讼,”白宫在一份简报中说。


据白宫称,拜登周三签署的新命令指示美国商务部根据最近的美国供应链安全规则,评估与“外国对手”有关的软件应用程序,并“酌情采取行动”。


该命令还指示商务部制定进一步的方案,以保护敏感的个人数据,并解决来自某些联网软件应用程序的“潜在威胁”。


特朗普曾以国家安全担忧为由,试图阻止美国的新用户下载TikTok和微信,但他的命令被美国联邦地区法院屏蔽,而且从未生效。


对这些应用程序的禁令在美国引起了广泛的关注和反对。对一些美国人来说,Facebook、TikTok和微信是在线上与朋友联系的有趣和方便的方式。


美国专家也警告说,关于数据和隐私的安全担忧不能通过禁用应用程序来解决。相反,美国对外国应用程序的禁令可能会为其他国家提供掩护,以加强自己的国家安全理由来禁止来自美国公司的应用程序。


U.S. President Joe Biden on Wednesday revoked and replaced executive orders targeting TikTok, WeChat and eight other software applications signed by former President Donald Trump.

"President Biden revoked and replaced three E.O.s (executive orders) that aimed to prohibit transactions with TikTok, WeChat, and eight other communications and financial technology software applications; two of these E.O.s are subject to litigation," the White House said in a fact sheet.

The new order signed by Biden on Wednesday directed the U.S. Commerce Department to instead evaluate software applications connected with "foreign adversaries" under recent U.S. supply-chain security rules "and take action, as appropriate," according to the White House.

The order also directed the Commerce Department to develop further options to protect sensitive personal data and address the "potential threat" from certain connected software applications.

Citing national security concerns, Trump had sought to block new users from downloading TikTok and WeChat in the United States, but his orders were blocked in U.S. federal district courts and never took effect.

The proposed ban on the apps had caused widespread concern and opposition in the United States. For some Americans, Facebook, TikTok and WeChat are fun and convenient ways to connect with their friends online.

U.S. experts have also warned that security concerns around data and privacy cannot be solved with bans on apps. On the contrary, U.S. bans on foreign apps could provide cover to other countries to spin up their own national security justification to ban apps from U.S. companies.

Produced by Xinhua Global Service

来自: xinhua