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灾难性的洪水在西欧造成超过120人死亡,更多的人失踪

2021-7-17 16:37

 

布鲁塞尔/柏林/日内瓦,7月16日(新华社)——在过去的几天里,由强降雨引起的毁灭性的山洪席卷了几个西欧国家,造成一百多人死亡和损失。


世界气象组织(WMO)周五报告称,西欧一些国家在两天内迎来了相当于两个月的降雨,德国、比利时、荷兰和卢森堡受到了严重影响。


在德国西部和南部部分地区,本周持续暴雨后,城镇和社区遭受了灾难性的山洪袭击。


当地政府称,截至当地时间周五下午,死亡人数已攀升至103人,还有更多的人失踪。北莱茵-威斯特法伦州和莱茵兰-普法尔茨州遭受的打击尤为严重,分别造成43人和60人死亡。


许多人仍下落不明。仅阿勒维勒地区目前估计就有1300人失踪,约3500人正在护理机构接受治疗。


德国国防部周五发布了军事灾难警报,部署了850多名士兵参与救援工作,人数还在增加。


波茨坦气候影响研究所(PIK)地球系统分析负责人、德国专家斯特凡·拉姆斯托夫(Stefan Rahmstorf)说:“由于全球变暖,像本周淹没德国西部部分地区的暴雨这样的极端降水可能会变得更加频繁。”


比利时将7月20日定为全国哀悼日,以悼念近日恶劣天气中的遇难者。周五,缅甸南部和东部的山洪暴发,导致河流决堤,造成21人死亡,18人失踪。


在列日市附近的韦尔维耶镇,灾难性的洪水淹没了市中心,掀翻了汽车,毁坏了大街上的房屋和商店。


比利时《生活周刊》(Le Vive)周五报道,比利时卢森堡、纳穆尔、列日和林堡等省的暴雨与气候模型预测的地球变暖情况相符,表明这与全球变暖有直接联系。


在邻国荷兰,星期五,荷兰南部林堡省北部的万罗市有1.07万人被疏散,因为水位很高,人们担心会发生洪水。


荷兰政府已正式评估林堡的洪水为一场灾难,让受害者清楚地知道,如果他们的保险不包括他们的损失,政府是否会补偿他们。


荷兰国王威廉·亚历山大访问了这座城市,称林堡的局势“令人心碎”。


在瑞士,由于持续降雨,该国中部地区发布了最大洪水警报。截至周五,卢塞恩湖、图恩湖和贝尔湖在本周持续的强降雨后保持在最高洪水预警级别(5)。


据Swissinfo网站报道,巴塞尔和伯尔尼等主要城市也面临着很高的洪水风险,河水流速已达到每秒540立方米,接近2005年洪水记录的600立方米。


法国气象部门周五警告称,持续的降雨正在浸湿土壤,使法国面临洪水风险。目前,法国北部和东部的13个省份已经发布了洪水橙色预警。


欧盟的民防机制已经启动以应对严重的洪水。

 

BRUSSELS/BERLIN/GENEVA, July 16 (Xinhua) -- Devastating flash floods due to intense rainfalls have swept through several western European countries in the past few days, killing more than one hundred and causing damages.

Some countries in Western Europe received up to two months worth of rainfall in two days, with Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg strongly affected, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) reported on Friday.

In parts of western and southern Germany, towns and communities were hit by catastrophic flash floods after heavy and continuous rainfall this week.

As of Friday afternoon local time, the death toll climbed to 103 in the country, with many more people still missing, according to local authorities. The federal states of North Rhine-Westphalia and Rhineland-Palatinate were hit particularly hard, with 43 people and 60 people killed respectively.

A large number of people are still missing. The district of Ahrweiler alone currently estimates about 1,300 missing people, while around 3,500 are being treated in care facilities.

Germany's Ministry of Defence has issued a military disaster alert on Friday, deploying more than 850 soldiers for rescue work and the number is increasing.

"Extreme precipitation such as the heavy rains that flooded parts of western Germany this week is likely to become more frequent due to global warming," said German expert Stefan Rahmstorf, head of Earth System Analysis at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK).

In Belgium, a national day of mourning has been set for July 20 for the victims of the severe weather in recent days. Twenty-one people died and 18 were reported missing on Friday after flash floods that saw rivers burst their banks in the south and east of the country.

In the town of Verviers, near the city of Liege, disastrous floods submerged the city center, upturning cars and damaging homes and shops along the high street.

The heavy downpours in the Belgian provinces of Luxembourg, Namur, Liege and Limbourg match what climate models predict for when the Earth warms up, suggesting direct links with global warming, the Belgian weekly Le Vive reported on Friday.

In neighboring Netherlands, 10,700 people have been evacuated in Venlo in the north of the southern Dutch province of Limburg on Friday, as a precaution due to the high water level and the fear of flooding.

The Dutch government has formally assessed the flood in Limburg as a disaster, allowing victims to obtain clarity about whether their damage will be reimbursed by the government if their insurance does not cover it.

Dutch King Willem-Alexander visited the city and called the situation in Limburg "heartbreaking."

In Switzerland, maximum flood warnings have been issued in central parts of the country due to persistent rainfall. As of Friday, Lake Lucerne, Lake Thun and Lake Biel have remained at the highest flood warning level (5) after continued and intense rainfall throughout the week.

The Swissinfo website reported that the major cities such as Basel and Bern are also facing high flood risks, with the River Aare reaching a flow rate of 540 cubic meters per second, nearing the 600 level recorded in the major floods of 2005.

France's meteorological service warned on Friday that the continuous rainfall is soaking the soil, putting France at risk of flooding. Currently, 13 provinces in northern and eastern France have been placed on orange alert for floods.

The European Union's Civil Protection Mechanism has been activated to tackle the heavy floods.

 

来自: xinhua