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二十国集团部长同意成立数字工作组,讨论网络安全问题

2021-8-6 16:06


罗马,8月5日(新华社电)——来自20国集团(G20)的部长们周四成立了数字经济工作组,这是一个将帮助世界度过即将到来的数字转型的论坛。


意大利技术创新和数字转型部长维托里奥·科劳在周四的20国集团部长峰会后对记者说,工作组的成立是会谈的最大成就。


意大利是2021年20国集团的主席国,主办了在意大利东北部港口城市里雅斯特的会谈。


科劳说:“在意大利轮值主席国的努力下,数字经济工作组在今年的G20峰会上诞生了。”他称该工作组是一个平台,将“为未来的G20主席国领导关于公共和私营部门数字转型的辩论”。


这位部长说,冠状病毒大流行说明了数字能力的价值。


他说:“我们必须努力增加数码身份的使用,例如在不同平台、行业和国家边界之间运作的电子身份识别计划。”“这将有助于加强公民和政府之间必须存在的信任关系,就像我们在疫情期间看到的那样。”


他以欧盟(EU)数字健康证书为例来阐述自己的观点。


Colao说:“在非常短的时间内,27个欧盟国家设计、测试并运行了一个基础设施,使数字健康证书在平台之间运行,并易于认证。”


让这个新成立的工作组在未来发挥作用的挑战,将包括解决各国和大公司走向各自版本的数字转型的不同速度。


Colao说:“无论是在更新监管框架方面,还是在加强国际合作方面,我们都在朝着正确的方向前进。”“我们必须对私营部门和公共部门进行更大规模的试验持开放态度。”


部长们还讨论了网络安全问题。本月早些时候,包括首都罗马在内的意大利拉齐奥地区的卫生网络遭到了当地政府所说的“一次强大的黑客攻击”的破坏,这使网络安全问题成为当务之急。这次袭击事件已被解决,导致拉齐奥卫生门户网站关闭,该地区的疫苗接种也暂停了。


此外,还讨论了数字技术在工业生产和可持续经济增长、社会包容、人工智能、研发、智慧城市创新激励措施以及鼓励安全跨境数据流动等方面的作用。

ROME, Aug. 5 (Xinhua) -- Ministers from the Group of Twenty (G20) on Thursday established the Digital Economy Working Group, a forum that will help shepherd the world through upcoming digital transitions.

Speaking to reporters after Thursday's summit of G20 ministers, Italy's Minister for Technological Innovation and Digital Transition Vittorio Colao said the creation of the working group was the crowning achievement of the talks.

Italy, which holds the 2021 G20 presidency, hosted the talks in the northeastern port city of Trieste.

"Thanks to the work of the Italian presidency, the Digital Economy Working Group was born at this year's G20," Colao said, calling the working group a platform that will "lead the debate on the digital transformation in the public and private sector for future G20 presidencies."

The minister said the coronavirus pandemic illustrated the value of digital capacities.

"We must work to increase the use of digital identities such as electronic identification schemes that are operational between various platforms, sectors, and national borders," he said. "This will help strengthen the relationship of trust that must exist between citizens and governments, something we have seen during the pandemic."

He used the example of European Union (EU) digital health certificates to make his point.

"In a remarkably short period of time, the 27 European Union countries designed, tested, and made operational an infrastructure that makes digital health certificates operational between platforms and easy to authenticate," Colao said.

The challenge of making the newly-established working group relevant in the future will include addressing the different speeds with which countries and large companies move toward their own versions of digital transformation.

"We are moving in the right direction, both in terms of updating regulator frameworks and in strengthening international collaboration," Colao said. "We must be open to greater experimentation in both the private and public sectors."

Ministers also discussed cybersecurity, a point brought to a head earlier this month when Lazio, the Italian region that includes the capital of Rome, saw its health networks crippled by what the regional government called "a powerful hacker attack." The attack, which has since been resolved, shut down the Health Lazio portal and halted the region's vaccination rollout.

Also discussed were the role of digital technologies in industrial production and sustainable economic growth, social inclusion, artificial intelligence, research and development, incentives for innovation for smart cities, and the encouragement of safe cross-border data flows.

来自: xinhua