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美国医院因COVID-19激增而不堪重负,需要更多疫苗接种

2021-8-30 11:24

 

纽约,8月30日(新华社)——上周,美国COVID-19大流行相关住院人数第二次超过10万,超过了几个州的护理人员的能力,并引发了为更多符合条件的人接种疫苗的紧迫性。


《华盛顿邮报》26日援引医生、护士和医院管理人员的话报道称,“与之前的需求激增相比,现在要保持在需求之前更加困难。”


报告还说:“重症监护病房(icu)的需求最为迫切,该病房照顾的是最危重的病人,需要训练有素的医务人员。”


由于高传染性的冠状病毒变种继续在美国各地传播,未接种COVID-19疫苗的人口众多的地区继续受到最严重的打击。


美国事实(USAFacts)的数据显示,截至周三,有9个州的人口中,只有不到50%的人接种了第一剂COVID-19疫苗。


州紧急


据《纽约时报》16日报道,由于高传染性的德尔塔病毒变种引发的最新病例激增,密西西比州的医疗体系已接近崩溃。


截至周五,密西西比州7天内平均每10万居民有108例新病例,全州37%的疫苗接种率加剧了危机,而缺乏专业人员照顾病人更是雪上加霜。


根据一家非营利性医疗质量机构的评估,在这个南部州,过去十年里有五家乡村医院关闭,还有35家面临关闭的危险。


《新闻周刊》援引密西西比州立大学政治学名誉教授马蒂·怀斯曼的话说:“如果你环顾四周,你会发现,在出现COVID-19之前,该州的医院状况很糟糕。”


美国东南部阿拉巴马州的卫生官员斯科特·哈里斯周五就该州与COVID-19的战斗发出了可怕的警告。


《福布斯》援引哈里斯的话说,由于该州的COVID-19患者比可用的重症监护室床位多40人,患者在医院走廊和担架上接受治疗。


哈里斯说,截至周四,约有2879名冠状病毒患者住院,包括45名儿科患者,其中至少有5人使用了呼吸机。


在预期的推迟之后,死亡人数也在上升,没有足够的空间容纳所有的尸体。


他说,两个“通常用于大规模伤亡事件的”流动停尸房已被部署到重灾区莫比尔和鲍德温县,这标志着该州自疫情开始以来首次采取这种紧急措施。


美国西北部俄勒冈州周六表示,该州COVID-19死亡人数正在迅速攀升,两个县要求用冷藏卡车装载尸体。


俄勒冈州应急管理办公室(Oregon Office of Emergency Management)的女发言人波比·多恩(Bobbi Doan)说,到目前为止,俄勒冈州西北海岸的蒂拉穆克县(Tillamook County)和西南部的约瑟芬县(Josephine County)已经要求部署卡车。


蒂拉穆克县紧急情况主管戈登·麦克劳(Gordon McCraw)在他的请求中写道,该县唯一的殡仪馆“目前一直在或超过其能力”容纳9具尸体。


疫苗接种的重要性


美国网球公开赛的观众必须出示至少一剂COVID-19疫苗的证据才能观看比赛,这一变化在比赛开始前不到72小时做出。


美国网球协会(USTA) 25日宣布,纽约市市长办公室决定,进入纽约市皇后区国家网球中心的主赛场阿瑟·阿什体育场(Arthur Ashe Stadium)时,必须出示疫苗接种证明。


美国网球协会随后决定将这一规定扩大到所有12岁及以上的持票人,并在周一开始的为期两周的大满贯赛事期间入场。一年前,由于冠状病毒大流行,所有粉丝都被禁止参加该活动,现在该活动恢复了100%的座位数。


疫苗接种已经现在抓住更多的关注在美国,特别是在疾病控制和预防中心(CDC)上周报道,未接种疫苗的小学老师在加州感染与COVID-19超过一半的学生,最终导致全社区的马林县的疫情。


美国疾病控制与预防中心在其报告中说,随着美国学校相继开学,疫情“凸显了为与不符合接种条件的儿童有密切室内接触的学校工作人员接种疫苗的重要性”。


新闻网站Axios周六报道称,“5月份爆发的疫情突显出,美国各地学区正在讨论是否实施更严格的措施来遏制病毒的传播,比如在学校普遍戴口罩。”


关于儿童接种疫苗的辩论

 

尽管在美国广泛使用的COVID-19疫苗中,还没有一种被授权用于12岁以下人群,但围绕儿童疫苗授权的激烈辩论也一直在进行。


美国白宫首席医疗顾问安东尼·福奇11日在美国有线电视新闻网(CNN)的“国情咨文”节目中表示,强制儿童亲自上学接种新冠病毒疫苗是一个“好主意”,因为它的利益风险比很高。


美国有线电视新闻网(CNN)表示:“近几个月来,随着高传染性的新型冠状病毒变种德尔塔病毒(Delta COVID-19)导致病例激增,尤其是在美国年轻人中,强制儿童接种疫苗的想法变得更加突出。”


同样在周日,福奇告诉美国广播公司(ABC)的《本周》(This Week)节目,公共卫生官员坚持建议人们在接种COVID-19疫苗8个月后再接种加强疫苗,但根据对数据的审查,这可能会改变。


根据约翰霍普金斯大学的数据,截至周日下午,全美共接种了367,638,780剂疫苗。

 

 

 

NEW YORK, Aug. 30 (Xinhua) -- The number of COVID-19 pandemic related hospitalizations in the United States reached above 100,000 last week for the second time, overwhelming caregivers capacity in several states and spawning an urgency to vaccinate more of the eligible.

"Keeping ahead of demand is harder now than during earlier surges," reported The Washington Post on Sunday while quoting doctors, nurses and hospital executives.

"The demand is most acute in ICUs (Intensive Care Unit), which care for the most-critical patients and need highly trained medical staff," it added.

Regions with large populations unvaccinated against COVID-19 continue to be hit the hardest as the highly contagious delta variant of the coronavirus continues spreading throughout the United States.

Data from USAFacts shows that there are nine states where less than 50 percent of the total population have received a first dose of the COVID-19 vaccines as of Wednesday.

STATES URGENCY

The health care system in Mississippi, is close to buckling under the latest avalanche of cases triggered by the highly contagious Delta variant of the virus, reported The New York Times on Sunday.

Mississippi, as of Friday, was averaging 108 new cases per 100,000 residents over a seven-day period, a crisis fueled by a dismal statewide vaccination rate of 37 percent and made worse by a shortage of professionals to care for the sick.

In this southern state, five rural hospitals have closed in the past decade, and 35 more are at imminent risk of closing, according to an assessment from a nonprofit health care quality agency.

"If you look around, the state's hospitals were in bad shape before there was such a thing as COVID-19," Marty Wiseman, an emeritus political science professor at Mississippi State University, ws quoted as saying.

U.S. southeastern state Alabama's State Health Officer Scott Harris issued a dire warning about the state's battle against COVID-19 on Friday.

Patients are being treated in hospital hallways and on stretchers as the state has 40 more COVID-19 patients than available staffed ICU beds, Harris was quoted by Forbes as saying.

Some 2,879 coronavirus patients were hospitalized as of Thursday, Harris said, including 45 pediatric patients, at least five of whom were on ventilators.

Deaths have also been rising after an expected delay and there is not enough space for all the dead bodies.

Two mobile morgues "typically held in case of a mass casualty event" have been deployed to the hard-hit counties of Mobile and Baldwin, marking the first time the state has turned to this emergency measure since the start of the pandemic, he said.

The death toll from COVID-19 in U.S. northwestern state Oregon is climbing so rapidly that two counties have requested refrigerated trucks to hold the bodies, the state said on Saturday.

So far, Tillamook County, on Oregon's northwestern coast, and Josephine County, in the southwest, have requested the trucks, said Bobbi Doan, a spokeswoman for the Oregon Office of Emergency Management.

Tillamook County Emergency Director Gordon McCraw wrote in his request to the state that the county's sole funeral home "is now consistently at or exceeding their capacity" of nine bodies.

IMPORTANCE OF VACCINATION

The U.S. Open spectators must show proof of at least one dose of a COVID-19 vaccine to attend matches, a change made less than 72 hours before the tennis tournament starts.

The U.S. Tennis Association (USTA) announced on Friday that the New York City mayor's office decided to require proof of vaccination to go into Arthur Ashe Stadium, the main arena at the National Tennis Center, in Queens, New York City.

The USTA then opted to extend that rule to cover all ticket-holders who are 12 and older and enter the grounds during the two-week Grand Slam tournament that begins on Monday. The event is returning to 100 percent capacity after all fans were banned from attending a year ago because of the coronavirus pandemic.

Vaccination has been now grabbing ever more attention in the United States, especially after the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported last week that an unvaccinated elementary school teacher in California infected more than half of her students with COVID-19, ultimately resulting in a community-wide outbreak in Marin County.

As U.S. schools reopen in tandem, the outbreak "highlights the importance of vaccinating school staff members who are in close indoor contact with children ineligible for vaccination," said the CDC in its report.

"The outbreak, which took place in May, highlights the stakes surrounding a debate across the U.S. among school districts considering implementing stricter measures to curb the spread of the virus, like universal masking in schools," reported news website Axios on Saturday.

DEBATE ON VACCINATION FOR CHILDREN

Intense debate has also been swirling around vaccine mandates for schoolchildren, though none of the widely available COVID-19 vaccines in the United States have yet been authorized for use in people under the age of 12.

Mandating COVID-19 vaccines for children to attend school in person is a "good idea" due to a strong benefit-risk ratio, the chief medical adviser for the White House Anthony Fauci told CNN's "State of the Union" on Sunday.

"The idea of mandating a vaccine for children once it's available to them has become more prominent in recent months, as the highly transmissible Delta COVID-19 variant has caused a spike in cases, especially among younger Americans," said the CNN.

Also on Sunday, Fauci told ABC's "This Week" that public health officials are sticking with the recommendation that people get booster shots eight months after getting the COVID-19 vaccine, but that could change based on reviewing the data.

As of Sunday afternoon, a total of 367,638,780 vaccine doses have been administered across the United States, according to Johns Hopkins University data.

 

来自: xinhua