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区块链用于澳大利亚主要可再生能源市场试验

2021-9-4 11:13

 

负责澳大利亚电力市场的澳大利亚能源市场运营商(AEMO)正在启动Edge项目,这是一项将可再生能源纳入电网的试验。其目的是将分布式能源(DERs),如风能和太阳能电池板(PV)纳入主电网,区块链技术是该项目的一部分。


该公司的DER市场解决方案正在与电力公司AusNet、可再生能源公司Mondo和技术合作伙伴Energy Web共同开发,后者将提供区块链“操作系统”、PXiSE和微软的云托管。


传统电网的设计初衷是从大型发电机到家庭和企业的单向能源分配。AEMO的试验得到了澳大利亚可再生能源署(ARENA) 1300万澳元的支持,目的是将家用太阳能和其他可再生能源结合起来,创造一种类似发电站的能源。


除了太阳能,一些家庭还有电池存储器或电动汽车的电池,可以存储可再生能源。这些储存的多余的太阳能可以在稍后的时间释放出来。如果与电网连接,它还能使家庭在需要时提供能源,以平衡高峰时期的能源需求。区块链可以用来创建一个可再生能源市场,从财政上鼓励家庭向电网贡献任何多余的能源容量。


澳大利亚自称是全球太阳能电池板使用率最高的国家之一,在一些州,四分之一的家庭屋顶安装了太阳能电池板,40%的家庭安装了太阳能电池板。


这项试验的目标有三个方面:


获得关于如何工作的技术和操作经验。

利用这些知识向监管机构提供数据。

了解消费者的偏好和他们向聚合商出售能源的愿望。


AEMO成员服务首席市场官Violette Mouchaileh表示:“EDGE项目旨在建立对DER融入电力系统和市场的最有效和可持续方式的理解,并提供信息,让所有消费者都能从未来高水平的DER中受益。”


“目前还没有能够满足DER市场所有高级需求的产品,所以Project EDGE处于该领域产品开发的领先地位。”


试验将于2022年4月开始,2023年3月完成。


Energy Web Foundation是为数不多的将区块链用于可再生能源市场的早期参与者之一。它与世界各地的许多电力公司和能源机构有关系,如奥地利电网、德国能源机构Dena、Engie和许多其他机构。


澳大利亚的PowerLedger、LO3 Energy和WePower等初创公司瞄准了在可再生市场使用区块链的机会。在欧洲,EQUIGY是瑞士、奥地利、德国、荷兰和意大利等欧洲电网的合作项目。

 

The Australian Energy Market Operator (AEMO), which runs the electricity market for Australia, is launching Project Edge, a trial to integrate renewable energy into the grid. The aim is to incorporate distributed energy resources (DERs) such as wind and solar panels (PV) into the main grid and blockchain technology is part of the project.

Its DER Marketplace solution is being developed with power company AusNet, renewables firm Mondo, and technology partners Energy Web, which will provide the blockchain ‘operating system’, PXiSE and Microsoft for cloud hosting. 

Traditional grids are designed to distribute energy one way, from large-scale power generators to households and businesses. The AEMO trial, with A$13m in support from the Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA), aims to aggregate household solar and other DERs to create a source of energy not dissimilar to a power station.

Apart from solar, some households also have battery storage or batteries in electric vehicles that can store renewable energy. This stored excess solar energy can be released at a later time. If connected to the grid, it also enables households to provide energy when needed to balance energy demand at peak times. Blockchain can be used to create a renewable energy marketplace, financially incentivizing households to contribute any excess energy capacity to the grid.

Australia claims to have one of the highest adoptions of DERs globally, with solar panels on one in four domestic rooftops and 40% of households in some states.

The goal of the trial is threefold:

  1. To gain technical and operational experience on how this works.
  2. To use that knowledge to provide data to regulators.
  3. To understand consumer preferences and their desire to sell energy to aggregators.

“Project EDGE aims to build understanding of and inform the most efficient and sustainable way to integrate DER into the electricity system and markets, allowing all consumers to benefit from a future with high levels of DER,” said AEMO Chief Markets Officer, Member Services, Violette Mouchaileh. 

“There is no existing product that meets all high-level requirements for the DER Marketplace, so Project EDGE is at the leading edge of product development in this space.”

Trials will start in April 2022 and complete in March 2023.

Energy Web Foundation is one of a handful of early players in using blockchain for renewable energy marketplaces. It has relationships with numerous power companies and energy agencies around the world, such as the Austrian Power Grid, German Energy Agency DenaEngie and many others.

Startups targeting the opportunity to use blockchain for renewable marketplaces include Australia’s PowerLedgerLO3 Energy, and WePower. And in Europe, EQUIGY is a collaboration between European energy grids from Switzerland, Austria, Germany, the Netherlands and Italy.

 

来自: Ledger Insights